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Bologna Process

The Bologna Process represents a commitment by forty-five European countries to undertake a series of reforms in order to achieve greater consistency and portability across their higher education systems. The process will most likely have a profound effect on the development of higher education globally, as observers from other continents are taking a close interest in the reform process and beginning to consider how of their own systems might to respond to ‘Bologna’ thinking.

The purpose of the Bologna process (or Bologna accords) is to create the European higher education area by making academic degree standards and quality assurance standards more comparable and compatible throughout Europe. It is named after the place it was proposed, the University of Bologna, with the signing in 1999 of the Bologna declaration by Ministers of Education from 29 European countries in the Italian city of Bologna. This was opened up to other countries signatory to the European Cultural Convention of the Council of Europe, and further governmental meetings have been held in Prague (2001), Berlin (2003), Bergen (2005) and London in Spring 2007.

Current signatories and thus members of the "European Higher Education Area" are:

This makes Monaco and San Marino the only members of the Council of Europe which did not adopt the Bologna Process (although they might consider to join once France and Italy will have implemented it). All member states of the EU are participating in the process. Other countries eligible to join the initiative are Belarus and Kazakhstan.

The following organisations are also part of the follow-up of the process: ESIB, EUA, EURASHE, EI, ENQA, UNICE as well as the Council of Europe, the European Commission and UNESCO. Other networks at this level include ENQA as well as ENIC, NARIC and EURODOC.

The Bologna process was a major reform created with the claimed goal of providing responses to issues such as the public responsibility for higher education and research, higher education governance, the social dimension of higher education and research and the values and roles of higher education and research in modern, globalized and increasingly complex societies with the most demanding qualification needs.

With the Bologna process implementation, higher education systems in European countries are to be organized in such a way that:

  • it is easy to move from one country to the other (within the European Higher Education Area) – for the purpose of further study or employment;

  • the attractiveness of European higher education is increased so many people from non-European countries also come to study and/or work in Europe;

  • the European Higher Education Area provides Europe with a broad, high quality and advanced knowledge base, and ensures the further development of Europe as a stable, peaceful and tolerant community benefiting from a cutting edge European Research Area;

  • there will also be a greater convergence between the U.S. and Europe as European higher education adopts aspects of the American system.



Documents


Conference of European Ministers Responsible for Higher Education, Leuven and Louvain-la-Neuve (April 28-29th , 2009)


On April 2009 the Ministerial conference was held in Leuven/Louvain-la-Neuve. Ministers took stock of developments since the previous conference in London (2007) and above all considered priorities and goals for the European Higher Education Area beyond 2010.

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London Communiqué (May 18th , 2007)


The Convention on the Recognition of Qualifications concerning Higher Education in the European Region was developed by the Council of Europe and UNESCO and adopted by national representatives in Lisbon on 11 April 1997. This Council of Europe/ UNESCO Convention – usually referred to as the Lisbon Recognition Convention – has since been ratified by most European countries.

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Bergen Conference of European Ministers (May 19-20th , 2005)


Bergen Conference stressed on the establishment on the European Higher Education Area based on the principles of quality and transparency, cherishing our rich heritage and cultural diversity in contributing to a knowledge-based society.

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Berlin Conference of Ministers (September 19th , 2003)


In Berlin, 2003, Ministers reaffirm the importance of the social dimension of the Bologna Process and they recognized the fundamental role in the development of the European Higher Education Area played by Higher Education Institutions and student organisations.

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Prague Communiqué (May 18-19th , 2001)


European Ministers in charge of higher education met in Prague, in 2001, in order to review the progress achieved and to set directions and priorities for the coming years of the process. They reaffirmed their commitment to the objective of establishing the European Higher Education Area by 2010.

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Bologna Declaration (June 19th , 1999)


The Bologna Process derives its name from the so-called Bologna Declaration, which was signed on 19 June 1999 by ministers in charge of higher education from 29 European countries. It is an intergovernmental European reform process aimed at establishing the European Higher Education Area (EHEA) by 2010.

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Lisbon Recognition Convention (June 19th , 1999)


The Convention on the Recognition of Qualifications concerning Higher Education in the European Region was developed by the Council of Europe and UNESCO and adopted by national representatives in Lisbon on 11 April 1997. This Council of Europe/ UNESCO Convention – usually referred to as the Lisbon Recognition Convention – has since been ratified by most European countries.

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Members of the BSUN





Presidential Troika


BSUN President in Office
Prof. Giga Zedania
Ilia State University, Georgia


Prof. Vladimir Bumbaširević
University of Belgrade, Serbia

Prof. Pericles A. Mitkas
Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece



Members Events


INTERNATIONAL YOUTH FORUM “THE ROLE AND IMPACT OF STUDENT INSTITUTIONS IN HIGHER EDUCATION SYSTEM”

Organized by
YEREVAN STATE UNIVERSITY
December 2, 2016
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Medical University "Prof. Dr. Paraskev Stoyanov" - Varna 55yh Anniversary

Organized by
VARNA UNIVERSITY OF MEDICINE
October 7, 2016
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International Scientific Practical Conference on “Innovative development of agricultural science and education: world experience and current priorities”

Organized by
AZERBAIJAN STATE AGRICULTURE UNIVERSITY
October 22, 2015
More details